The Indian farmer had discovered and begun farming since more than 2500 years ago. If we go into the past check the literature, then it provides some the written records of ancient agriculture in India. Rigveda, describes plowing, fallowing, irrigation, fruit, and vegetable cultivation. It is essential to identify and utilize inherent information from our old folks, and this will help bridge the gap between modern science and age-old practices.

Nowadays, India is holding top positioning in the global market as the producer of agricultural products. Till the middle of the twentieth century, there is traditional farming where farmers have used to follow some useful methods of natural farming. A traditional farming system is technologically simple, and many people are still using natural farming processes.






Natural farming or conventional farming involves crop rotations. It uses crop residues, animal manures, green manures, off-farm organic wastes as the source of nutrients. It is the best system of farming designed to maintain an ecological balance of soil and to maintain the sustainable productivity of land without the use of artificial inputs.

It implies the use of natural methods of plant protection instead of using synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. It is a system of farming based on the integral relationship of giving back to nature what we take from it. It’s the agriculture process provides excellent attention to the ecological, economic and ethical imperatives.


  • ⦁ Uses simple farming tools for cultivation
  • ⦁ Requires primary devices such as axe, hoe, and stick
  • ⦁ Excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators






Following are the targets of natural farming:

  • ⦁ To obtain sufficient quantities of high-quality food, fibre and other products
  • ⦁ To maintain the compatibility with nature and living systems
  • ⦁ To support the long-term fertility and biological activity of land
  • ⦁ To keep and promote farming and natural biodiversity by using sustainable production systems
  • ⦁ To provide a quality of life that satisfies their basic needs, within a safe, secure and healthy working environment to everyone involved in organic agriculture
  • ⦁ To understand the value of traditional farming systems




Local folks of India often use two types of farming practices as the shifting cultivation, and the terrace or bun cultivation. Farmers have adopted these traditional methods of farming as it restores the ecological balance.


It is one of the most ancient and popular methods of agriculture. It is also called “the slash and burns” farming. It has arisen in the 7000 B.C. during the transition between food gathering and hunting to food production.

In shifting cultivation, the forest land was cleared to grow crops for a short period (over 1 to 10 years). After completion of this period, farmers moved to the next site. They come back to the same location after a period of 2 to 20 years.


This cultivation method has been widespread for the last three decades suitable for slopes and valleys. It improves productivity, conserves moisture, and inhibits land degradation and soil weathering.

Traditional farming is better as it produces high-quality, natural products. The products obtained through this farming can be sold out at high prices.




Nutritional value Health Benefits




Less-calorie vegetable (20 calories per 100 gm) Controls Acidity
Moderate levels of minerals and vitamins Skin Care
Rich in anti-oxidants Blood Purifier
Contains phenolic anti-oxidants (carotenes, lutein, and crypto-xanthins) Good Eye Sight
Fresh pods carry 7μg of folates Reduces Blood Sugar
100 grams of fresh fruit comprises 410 IU (14% of DV) of vitamin A Reduces Blood Pressure
100 g of raw fruit gives 12 mg of Vitamin-C Supportive for Weight Loss
Rich in dietary fibers … And Many More
Contains Vitamin B-complex (thiamine, vitamin B-3, vitamin B-5, vitamin B-6)
Source of minerals (calcium, iron, zinc, potassium, manganese, and magnesium)


Low-calorie vegetable contains 14 calories per 100 g Supportive for Weight Loss
Contains folates about 6 µg/100g (1.5% of RDA) Relieves from Sleeping Disorder
Natural source of vitamin-C (100 g of raw fruit provides 10 mg or about 17% of RDA) Best for keeping heart healthy
Moderate source of thiamine, niacin/vitamin B-3, pantothenic acid/vitamin B-5, pyridoxine/vitamin B-6 Prevents grey-hair problem
Contains minerals (calcium, iron, zinc, potassium, manganese and magnesium) … And Many More
BITTER GOURD Rich in phytonutrients, polypeptide-P (a plant insulin) Cures respiratory disorders
Contains hypoglycemic agent (Charantin) Anti-diabetic
Fresh pods rich in folates (72 µg/100g about 18% of RDA) Anti-cancer
Excellent source of vitamin-C (84 gm or about 140% of RDI per

100 grams of fresh pod)

Resolves Anti-acne problem
Rich in flavonoids (β-carotene, α-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin) Maintains Healthy Lever
Contains small amounts of B-complex vitamins thiamine, niacin/vitamin B-3, pantothenic acid/vitamin B-5, pyridoxine/vitamin B-6 …. And Many More
Contains minerals (calcium, iron, zinc, potassium, manganese, and magnesium)


Contains phytonutrients, minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants Weight Management
Low-calorie vegetable (81 calories per 100 g of green peas) Anti-aging
Excellent source of protein, vitamins, soluble and insoluble fiber Reduces Blood Sugar
Excellent source of folic acid (100 g provides 65 µg of folates) Prevents Constipation
Healthy source of ascorbic acid (vitamin-C) (40 mg or 67% vitamin C per 100 g of fresh pods) Reduces Cholesterol
Contains phytosterols (ß-sitosterol) Healthy Bones
Garden peas contain vitamin-K (24.8 µg or about 21% per 100 g) Prevents Heart Diseases
Rich in antioxidants (carotenes, lutein, and zeaxanthin and vitamin-A (provide 765 IU or 25.5% of RDA per 100 g) … And Many More
Contains essential B-complex vitamins (pantothenic acid, niacin, thiamine, and pyridoxine)
Rich source of (calcium, iron, copper, zinc, and manganese)


Low-calorie vegetable (30 calories per 100 g) Controls Diabetes
Rich source of fiber, carbohydrates, protein Prevents Anaemia
Excellent source of minerals (iron, calcium, manganese, and magnesium) Improves Immune System
Healthy source of vitamin A, vitamin C, folic acid Improves Eye Sight
Rich in minerals (calcium, potassium, and magnesium) Reduces Cholesterol
Contains a negligible amount of sugar … And Many More
Contains flavonoids (beta-carotene, xanthin, and lutein)
Excellent source of folates (22% of RDA per 100 g)
Rich in the vitamins B-complex and vitamin-K


Rich in beta-carotene


Prevents Obesity
Contains essential nutrients, minerals, and vitamins Improves Digestion
1.4mg of iron per 100 grams Prevents Kidney Stones
40mg of calcium per 100 grams Increases Metabolism
0.07 mg of vitamins B1 and B2 … And Many More
Contains 1.6 mg of dietary fiber


One cup of capsicums contains 31 calories Glowing Skin
6 g of carbohydrates Reduces Arthritic Pain
No protein or fat Cures Food Poisoning
Contains 2 g of dietary fiber Cures Yellow Fever
Have higher water content Healthy Heart
Provides 100% antioxidants, vitamins A and C Prevents Cancer
Rich in vitamin B6 and K, folate and manganese …. And Many More


Rich in calcium, iron, magnesium, molybdenum, potassium, folate, copper, manganese Prevents Cancer
Rich in vitamins (vitamin K, vitamin B, vitamin C) Healthy Mind
Rich in amino acid tryptophan and dietary fiber Weight Loss
Good amount of water content Hair Growth
A lot of anthocyanins and antioxidants … And Many More
Rich in phytonutrients


Very low in fat and calories (25 calories per 100 grams of leaves) Detoxification of Body
Storehouse of phytochemicals (thiocyanates, indole-3-carbinol, lutein, zeaxanthin, sulforaphane, and isothiocyanates) Cancer Preventive
Excellent source of natural antioxidant and vitamin C (36.6 mg per 100 g) Reduces Headache
Has great oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC value) is 508 µmol TE/100 g Good Eye Health
Rich in vitamins such as pantothenic acid (vitamin B-5), pyridoxine (vitamin B-6) and thiamin (vitamin B-1) Boosts Mental Functions
Contains an adequate amount of minerals (potassium, manganese, iron, and magnesium) Good Remedy on Constipation and Digestion
Excellent source of vitamin-K (63% of RDA levels) … And Many More


A principal source of guar gum (75% of dietary fiber) Best for Brain Functioning
Contains 130 mg of Calcium Keeps Good Heart
Contains 3 gm of fiber content Improves Blood Circulation
Low in calories Manages Blood Pressure
Contains vitamin C, vitamin A, K, potassium, and manganese Proper Digestion
Sufficient number of phytochemicals … And Many More
Has low glycemic index


Rich in protein (100 g of fresh raw leaves carry 9.8 g of protein) Prevents Diabetes
Dry, powdered leaves are rich in amino acids Reduces Cholesterol
Contains oleic acid (monounsaturated fat) Protects Liver
Includes 7564 IU or 252% vitamin A per 100 g of fresh leaves Treats Asthma
Excellent source of vitamin-C (145 µg or 235% vitamin C per 100 g of pods) Good for Kidney
Drumstick leaves contains many vital B-complex vitamins (folates, vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), thiamin (vitamin B-1), riboflavin, pantothenic acid, and niacin) Strengthen Teeth and Bones
Green leaves consist of minerals (calcium, iron, copper, manganese, zinc, magnesium, and selenium) … And Many More


Low in calories Remedy on Kidney and Bladder Disorder
Rich source of vitamin C, Vitamin K, Vitamin B6 Improves Cell Growth
Contains high amounts of minerals (Potassium, Manganese, Magnesium, Phosphorus) Purifies Blood
Contains high fiber (3 grams of fiber in one cup of cauliflower) Anti-Cancer, Anti-Oxidant
Excellent source of antioxidants (glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, carotenoid, flavonoid) … And Many More


Mainly composed of carbohydrates Energy Producing
Contains sucrose, glucose, and fructose Liver Cleansing
Comprises insoluble fibers (pectins, cellulose, and hemicellulose) Resists Stroke and Heart Attack
Low in protein (1-1.5% of protein) Controls Blood Sugar Level
Good source of vitamin C, Vitamin B6, and minerals (potassium) …And Many More
Contain the highest amounts of antioxidants (polyphenols, Chlorogenic acid, Catechin, Lutein, Glycoalkaloids


Low in calories (70 calories) Good for Heart
Contains 13 grams of carbs and 5 grams of protein Supports in Weight Loss
A half cup of beans contains 4 grams of dietary fiber Support in Bladder Function
Consist of about 1.4 milligrams of iron Anti-Oxidant
Provides plenty of antioxidants …And Many More


Very high in protein and energy Lower Blood Pressure
Contains 341 calories per 100 g of beans Prevent Cancer
Plentiful antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and plant sterols Good for Parkinson’s Disease
A vibrant source of dietary fiber (66% per100g RDA) Good in Pregnancy Period
Rich in phytonutrients (isoflavone and plant sterols) Good for Heart
Excellent source of folates (100 g beans provide 423 µg of folates) Reduces Depression
Contain appropriate amounts of vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), thiamine (vitamin B-1), riboflavin and niacin … And Many More
Most excellent source of minerals (iron, copper, manganese, calcium, magnesium)
The highest plant source of potassium


High protein crop (22% protein) Lower Blood Pressure
High source of carbohydrate (61%) Prevent Cancer
An adequate level of all vitamins and minerals Good for Heart
Contains less fat (2%) …And Many More


Rich source of dietary fiber Supports in Weight Loss
High in protein content Controls Diabetes
Contains essential vitamins and nutrients (folic acid, thiamin, vitamins A, B6 and C, riboflavin, and niacin) Relieves Constipation
Major minerals (potassium, iron, phosphorous, and calcium) Reduces Menstrual Discomfort
Rich in Vitamin K Reduces Kidney Trouble
50 calories per 100grams of fenugreek leaves … And Many More


Low cholesterol Promotes Digestion
Very low in calories Manages Diabetes
Carry essential volatile oils (d-carvone, DHC, eugenol, limonene, terpinene, myristicin, and dillapiole) Boosts Immunity
Rich in vital vitamins (folic acid, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin-A, ß-carotene, vitamin-C) Maintains Bone Health
Excellent source of minerals (copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, and magnesium) … And Many More